Ab Harmonic Minor

A flat Harmonic Minor scale for guitar.
The Ab Harmonic Minor is a seven-note scale. Colored circles mark the tones in the diagram, the darker ones are the root notes. In the two-octave pattern, the first note in the scale is on the 6th string, 4th fret.

Ab Harmonic Minor 2 octaves

Ab Harmonic Minor scale diagram

Ab Harmonic Minor full fretboard

Ab Harmonic Minor scale whole guitar neck diagram

Ab Harmonic Minor with note names

Ab Harmonic Minor scale with note letters diagram

Shape 1 (3rd position) with fingerings

Ab Harmonic Minor scale shape 1 diagram

Shape 2 (5th position) with fingerings

Ab Harmonic Minor scale shape 2 diagram

Shape 3 (8th position) with fingerings

Ab Harmonic Minor scale shape 3 diagram

Shape 4 (10th position) with fingerings

Ab Harmonic Minor scale shape 4 diagram

Shape 5 (1st position) with fingerings

Ab Harmonic Minor scale shape 5 diagram
Notes: Ab - Bb - Cb - Db - Eb - Fb - G Intervals: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1 Type: Septonic 

The scale displayed with its numeric formula, notes, intervals and scale degrees.

Formula Notes Intervals Degrees
1 Ab Unison Tonic
2 Bb Major second Supertonic
b3 Cb Minor third Mediant
4 Db Perfect fourth Subdominant
5 Eb Perfect fifth Dominant
6 Fb Minor sixth Submediant
7 G Major seventhSubtonic

The third degree is written as Cb, which is the same as B. The sixth degree is written as Fb, which is the same as E. A practice in a scale notation is to not include the same letter twice, if it can be avoided.

The interval formula (2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1) can be expound into specific notes of the scale.

Notes (ascending) Interval
Ab-Bb M2
Ab-B m3
Ab-Db P4
Ab-Eb P5
Ab-E m6
Ab-G M7
Notes (descending) Interval
Ab-G m2
Ab-E M3
Ab-Eb P4
Ab-Db P5
Ab-B M6
Ab-Bb m7

Abbreviations are used: M / m stands for major / minor and P stands for perfect.

The main chords that are related to this scale are the following:

Abm 466544 AbmM7 XX6887
Bbdim X1232X Bbm7b5 X1212X
Baug X21003 BM7#5 76888X
Dbm X46654 Dbm7 X46454
Eb X68886 Eb7 X68686
E 022100 Emaj7 021100
Gdim XX5686 Gdim7 XX5656

The tones in these chords correspond to the tones of the Ab Harmonic Minor scale in which Abm is the tonic triad and AbmM7 the tonic 7th chord.
The second and fourth columns include short notations for the chords in the first and third columns respectively. These are based on common ways to play the chord, but there are other alternatives. See more about this notation system on the FAQ page.

The A flat Harmonic Minor scale consists of seven notes. These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard from the first note to the next octave. Written as semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1. Written as steps: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole and a half, half.
The Ab Harmonic Minor is one of three Ab Minor scales, the other two are Ab Natural Minor and Ab Melodic Minor.

This minor scale has an exotic sound caused by the whole and a half distance between the sixth and seventh degrees.
This large jump is the main feature to focus on in addition to the parallels with the other two minor scales.

Start the audio and play along! Use notes from the scale in the diagram above.

Normal tempo:
Slow tempo:

Ab Harmonic Minor scale first shape ascending.

Ab Harmonic Minor scale tab

The numbers above the tablature are suggested fingerings.